When the team further untangled the web of ownership, it found much of it tracked back to a “super-entity” of 147 even more tightly knit companies – all of their ownership was held by other members of the super-entity – that controlled 40 per cent of the total wealth in the network. “In effect, less than 1 per cent of the companies were able to control 40 per cent of the entire network,” says Glattfelder. Most were financial institutions. The top 20 included Barclays Bank, JPMorgan Chase & Co, and The Goldman Sachs Group.
Концентрация капитала в транснациональных компаниях.
ядро сети: 1318 ТНК (из них ¾ – финансовые), 18.7% капитала, >80% управления (у 147 ТНК в ядре – 40% управления)